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高考英语完形填空高频障碍词及例句

时间:2023年11月20日 阅读量 : 190

动词类


1.acknowledge vt.承认She acknowledged having been at fault.

2.adore vt.热爱;爱慕 She has one son and she adores him.

3.consume vt.消耗;耗费;吃;喝 

He consumes huge amounts of bread with every meal.

4.draft vt.起草;草拟 She asked me to check the (first) draft of her proposal.

5.envelop vt.包住;裹住;覆盖;笼罩 

The graveyard looked ghostly, enveloped in mist.

6.negotiate vt.协商 I'm negotiating for a new contract.

7.foster vt.培养 Would you consider fostering (a child)?

8.tease vt.& vi.取笑 I was just teasing, I didn't mean to upset you.

9.prohibit vt.禁止 Parking is strictly prohibited between these gates

10.multiply vt.& vi.乘;增加I remember learning how to multiply and divide

11.insert vt.& vi.插入 insert the key in/into the lock.

12.shrink vi.缩小;收缩 

Your sweater will shrink if you wash it at too high a temperature.

13.leak vi.漏;渗入 Oil leaked out of the car.

14.withdraw vt.撤离The UN has withdrawn its troops from the country.

15.extend vt.扩大……的范围;延伸

We have plans to extend our house (= to make it bigger).

16.generate vt.产生;创造 The new development will generate 1,500 new jobs.

17.assume v.认为;假设 We mustn't assume the suspects' guilt.

18.associate v.联系 Most people associate this brand with good quality.

19.substitute vt.代替 n.代替物;代用品;代替者You can substitute oil for butter  in this recipe.


名词类


1.blessing n.祝福 The mass always ends with a blessing.

2.brand n.品牌;烙印 There has been a huge growth in sales of luxury brands.

3.budget n.预算 The firm has drawn up a budget for the coming financial year.

4.coincidence n.巧合 

You chose exactly the same wallpaper as us - what a coincidence!

5.nervousness n.紧张 There is growing nervousness about the possibility of a war.

6.presentation n.出示;授予;颁发

The speaker gave an interesting presentation on urban transport.

7.principle n.原则;信条 The country is run on socialist principles.

8.restriction n.限制;限定 speed/parking restrictions

9.agenda n.议事日程;议程表 here were several important items on the agenda.

10.deposit n.存款;押金;订金 I deposited £500 in my account this morning.

11.procedure n.程序;手续;步骤 You must follow correct procedure at all times.

12.sympathy n.同情 I don't have much sympathy for her I think she's brought her troubles on herself.

13.barrier n.障碍;隔阂 

The mountains acted as a natural barrier to the spread of the disease.

14.concept n.概念 The concept of free speech is unknown to them.

15.absorption n.吸收;并入;专心致志 

Some poisonous gases can enter the body by absorption through the skin.

16.workout n.锻炼  Always wear good shoes for your workout.

17.globalization n.全球化 the globalization of fashion/American youth culture

18.perspective n.视角;观点;态度 He writes from a Marxist perspective.

19.digestion n.消化;领悟 poor/good/strong digestion

20.donor n.捐赠者 a blood donor

21.promotion n.促销;晋升;推广 a sales promotion

22.guardian n.保护人;监护人 

The child's parent or guardian chooses which type of Child Trust Fund to open.

23.feedback n.反馈 positive/negative feedback  

24.pack n.一群(动物或猎狗)a pack of wild dogs


形容词和副词类


1.abruptly adv.突然地  He stood up abruptly and went outside.

2.talkative adj.健谈的  She's a lively, talkative person.

3.accidentally adv.偶然地 I accidentally knocked a glass over.

4.initially adv.最初 Initially, most people approved of the new plan.

5.eventually adv.最终;最后 It might take him ages but he'll do it eventually.

6.blessed adj.神圣的 a blessed relief

7.reflective adj.反射的 After hearing the news they sat in a quiet, reflective silence.

8.skeptical adj.怀疑的 Many experts remain skeptical about/of his claims.

9.consequently adv.因此 

I was very worried, and consequently I couldn’t concentrate.

10.ambiguous adj.模棱两可的;含糊不清的 His reply to my question was somewhat ambiguous.

11.artificial adj.人造的 an artificial heart

12.awesome adj.令人惊叹的 An awesome challenge/task lies ahead of them.

13.delicate adj.精美的;易碎的 delicate china

14.punctual adj.守时的 a punctual start to the meeting

15.thorough adj.彻底的 They did a thorough search of the area but found nothing.

16.available adj.可获得的;可找到的;可购得的;有空的

Is this dress available in a larger size?

17.moral adj.道德的;道义上的 

It's her moral obligation to tell the police what she knows

18.cooperative adj.合作的 He went voluntarily and was very cooperative.

19.nevertheless adv.然而 I knew a lot about the subject already, but her talk was interesting nevertheless.

20.aspirational adj.渴望成功的;有抱负的 

High-end smartphones have become aspirational status symbols, especially among the young.

21.packed adj.挤满的;拥挤的 This book is packed with useful information.

22.emotionally adv.情绪上;感情上 He was not an emotionally stable person.

23.historically adv.在历史上 The film makes no attempt to be historically accurate.

24.motivational adj.鼓舞人心的 

He makes money giving motivational speeches to executives.

25.preferably adv.更可取地;更好地 

Water the plants twice a week, preferably in the morning.

26.unimaginable难以置信的 unimaginable pain/wealth

27.incurable adj.不能治愈的 

Parkinson's disease is a debilitating and incurable disease of the nervous system.

28.worthless adj.无价值的;没用的 He said the jewels were worthless fakes.

29.frankly adv.坦率地 She spoke very frankly about her experiences.

30.neighboring adj.附近的 She married a man from a neighboring town.

31.infrequent adj.很少发生的 

His letters became infrequent, then stopped completely.


短语类


1.hang out闲逛 Who is he hanging out with these days?

2.back up支持;支援 The traffic is starting to back up on the M25.

3.draw up拟订;起草 I've drawn up a list of candidates that I'd like to interview.

4.fade away逐渐消失 As the years passed, the memories faded away.

5.jog around围绕……慢跑 He jogged around the park.

6.jump at迫不及待地接受 She jumped at the chance of a trip to Paris.

7.back off后退 ust back off and let us do this on our own, will you?

8.pray for为……祈祷 Let us pray for the victims of this terrible disaster.

9.step forward主动站出来 

At the last minute another company stepped forward with a bid.

10.mean business当真,认真 

You’ve got to tell the students that you mean business – if they don’t do work, they won’t pass the class.

11.scare...off把……吓走 If you charge as much as that, you'll scare customers off.

12.roll over翻身 

"If the bill passes, we're certainly not going to roll over and say that's fine," he said.

13.ring true给人以真实的印象;听起来真实 Something about his explanation didn't quite ring true.

14.account for说明、解释……的原因;(数量、比例上)占 

Students account for the vast majority of our customers.

15.apply to适用于 If you apply pressure to a cut it's meant to stop the bleeding.

16.break away from 脱离,逃离 

One or two of the tourists broke away from the tour group.

17.break up破碎;解散,分开,分解 She's just broken up with her boyfriend.

18.bring about 导致,引起 

He brought about his company's collapse by his reckless spending.

19.call off 取消 Tomorrow's match has been called off because of the icy weather.

20.check in(在旅馆)办理入住手续;(在机场)办理登机手续 You can save time by checking in online.

21.check out结账离开 

We checked out (of/from our hotel) at 5 a.m. to catch a 7 a.m. flight.

22.cut off割掉;切断;使隔绝 

The US has announced a cutoff of military aid to the country.

23.get across使理解 We tried to get our point across, but he just wouldn't listen.

24.get down to认真对待,静下心来 I must get down to booking the hotels.

25.give away赠送;泄露;颁发 

The furniture shop's offering three-piece suites at giveaway prices.

26.give way to让位于;让步;屈服于 

In some areas, modern intensive farming is giving way to the re-introduction of traditional methods.

27.go ahead前进;开始做(with);请吧

I got so fed up with waiting for him to do it that I just went ahead and did it myself.

28.go in for对..有兴趣;爱好;参加考试(或竞赛) 

I've never really gone in for classical music, but I love jazz.

29.hold back阻挡;抑制(感情等) He held back, terrified of going into the dark room.

30.make out理解;辨别出 How is Frances making out in her new job?

31.put aside把..放在一边;搁置;暂不考虑 I put aside a little every month for a deposit on a house.

32.put up with忍受,容忍 He's so moody - I don't know why she puts up with him.

33.take it easy别着急,慢慢来Take it easy – don’t get mad.

34.turn against背叛 

After six years of fighting public opinion has turned against the war.

35.turn out证明是;结果是How did the recipe turn out?

36.turn over翻转,翻身;改过自新

When I put the key in the ignition it turns over, but it won't start.


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