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高考英语阅读理解高频同义转换词积累

时间:2024年07月02日 阅读量 : 58

1.区分  differentiate/distinguish/tell A from B


2.充满 be full of, be filled with, be flooded with, be crowded with,be packed with


3.亲自  in the flesh,personally, in person/body


4.只有  merely/only, nobody/nothing but


5.出版  come off the press,come out, be published


6.尤其  especially,particularly, in particular


7.锻炼 take exercise, work out,physical training


8.谋生  seek a livelihood/make/earn a living


9.代表 represent, stand for, (be) on behalf of


10.结合unite, intergrate, bond,    combine, mix sth up


11.前进  make a progress,advance, move/go forward


12.舒适  soft,comfy,cozy,comfortable, at ease


13.十年  decade, ten years


14.两周  fortnight, two weeks


15.二十  score,  twenty


16.十二  dozen, twelve


17.成人  adult, grown-up


18.删除 remove, cancel, omit, expurate,delete, cut out


19.下降,减少 decline, come/go down, drop, fall, decrease, reduce


20.移走  remove, take away


21.吸收  assimilate,absorb, take in


22.与...一致  agree /be consistent /correspond with


23.把...分开  break sth apart, split/divide/separate sth


24.用...替换  replace. . .with, use. . .as an alternative to. . .


25.回答  respond,in response to,answer, reply to


26.收割  gain,harvest, gather,get in


27.抵制boycott, refuse to accept, resist,reject


28.与...相反/对立on the contrary,contradict, be opposite to


29.代替  subsititue,replace, take the place of


30.背诵  recite, learn. . .by heart


31.害怕  scare,fear, be afraid/scared of


32.退(学)  quit, drop out of (school)


33.推迟  delay, postpone, put off


34.去拿来  fetch, go and bring back


35.相匹配  match, go with


36.精力充沛  dynamic,energetic, full of energy


37.少数 a minority of, a small number of


38.打扰interfere,cause trouble to, bother,disturb


39.描述  depict,present,describe, give a description of


40.后来  soon after,afterwards, after that, later on


41.缺席  default,absence,be absent from, be not present at


42.目前  for the moment,nowadays, at present,at the present time


43.宣布  proclaim,chalk it up,blazon forth,announce/declare sth, make sth known to the public


44.重要 count, matter, be important, be of importance,significant,vital,crucial


45.担心 worry about, be concerned /anxious about


46.提到  when it comes to/mention, refer to, talk about/of


47.偶然地  incidentally, accidentally, by chance/ accident/ coincidence, casually,   occasionally


48.展览  on show/display/exhibition


49.勇敢(去做) be brave to, have courage to


50.违法的  criminal,lawless,illegitimate,under the counter,illegal, not legal, against the law


51.满足需要  cater to/meet/satisfy the need/demand


52.放弃  abandon, go away from, leave,give up


53.信任,信赖  trust, believe, have confidence/faith in


54.在农村/城市in the countryside/city, rural/urban areas


55.劝某人做  argue sb. into doing sth./talk into/advise sb to do, try to persuade sb to do


56.取消  abolish,abrogate,,countermand,cancel, call off


57.劝某人不要做  discourage sb from doing, persuade sb not to do取消


58.除·······之外plus,what is more,besides, as well as, in addition to, apart from


59.制订计划make a plan, work out a plan, draw up a plan


60.逃跑flee,take flight,escape, run away


61.开始存在appear, come into being, come into existence


62.进入access,pass into,enter, come/go into


63.防...止疾病protect. . .from sickness, avoid/prevent sickness


64.用完某物run out of sth, lack sth, sth run out, sth be used up


65.方式,方法way, solution, approach, method, means


66.情况良好in (a) good condition, in a good state/situation


67.置若罔闻turn a deaf ear to, refuse to listen to


68.高兴起来light up,cheer up, become happy


69.全世界throughtout the world/all over/around the world, worldwide, globally, internationally


70.重力gravity, the pull of the earth


71.算出calculate, figure out来自 zshunj_cn


72.与·······不同differ from, be different from, vary from. . .to. . .


73.乱七八糟in chaos,in a mess,in disorder


74.气喘吁吁breathless,out of breath from yykz


75.做出决定make up one’s mind,determine, decide, make a decision


76.对······有害do harm to, be harmful to


77.相似,相像resemble, be like, be similar to


78.低语,耳语whisper, speak in a low voice


79.寻找,追求seek, look/search/hunt for


80.茫然,困惑at a loss, puzzled/confused


81.取笑,逗弄trick,tease, make fun of, laugh at, amuse


82.提高,改善promote,enhance,boost,improve, make/become better


83.庆祝observe,celebrate, hold a celebration


84.长胖overweight/put on/gain weight, grow fat


85.熟悉gain more insight into/know. . .well, be familiar with


86.处理figer out/work out/tackle/handle, settle, deal/do with, cope with


87.到处everywhere, here and there


88.加速accelerate, speed up, quicken


89.值得,应得deserve sth, be worthy of sth, be worth doing sth


90.保证,确保ensure, guarantee, make sure/certain


91.把某物分配给某人allocate sth to sb, divide sth among sb


92.一年一次的annual, yearly, every year


93.可进入, 可接近的be accessible,be easy to enter/reach/use


94.使能做某事enable sb to do, make sb able to do


95.宁做A不做B do A rather than (doing) B, do A instead of (doing) B


96.出国go abroad, go to a foreign country


97.控告accuse sb of sth, charge sb with sth


98.成功做某事manage to do sth, succeed in doing sth


99.突然笑/哭起来burst into laughter/tears, burst out laughing/crying


100.不理,忽视dismiss/ignore, overlook, pay no attention to


101.挨饿,饿死perish from hunger,starve to death, go hungry, die from hunger


102.充当;起······的作用work as,serve the purpose of,act as, serve as


103.榜样model, example,role model


104.怒视glare at, look at sth angrily


105.平静的peaceful,calm, not excited


106.抽象的abstract, not specific


107.积极的positive,optimistic,vigorous,active, not passive


108.残酷地cruelly, without mercy, mercilessly


109.复杂的complicated, not simple, complex


110.人造的artificial, man-made


111.故意地deliberately, on purpose, purposely


112.再一次again, once more, once again, over and over again


113.独自地alone, by oneself


114.有危险in danger, at risk


115.占...比例account for, make up


116.青少年adolescent, teenager


117.看医生go to see/consult a doctor


118.更喜欢have a preference for/prefer sth, like sth better


119.使生气annoy sb, make sb angry


120.报道此事cover/report the eventfrom yykz


121.影响交通hold up/block traffic


122.澄清,阐明clarify, make sth clear


123.可得到的be available, be easily got


124.吸引某人interest/attract/draw sb, appeal to sb, catch sb’s eye/attention


125.无论如何anyway/anyhow, in any way


126.在·······后面fall behind/behind, at the back of


127.无论什么whatever, no matter what


128.使某人高兴cheer sb up, make sb happy


129.雇用某人employ/hire sb,take sb on


130.受欢迎的gain popularity/ among/be popular with, be well received (by...)


131.得出结论to conclude, draw a conclusion


132.弄明白figure out, find out


133.试验try out, test, experiment (on /with)


134.反对be against, oppose, object to, disagree with, disapprove of


135.认为hold that/suggest/consider/think/believe that, hold the view that, argue/claim that


136.做报告deliver/give a presentation /talk/speech


137.辍学,退学quit/drop out of/leave school


138.优于,胜过surpass/have the advantage over, have the edge over, be better than


139.对某人生气get angry with sb, get cross with sb, be annoyed with sb


140.有机会使用/做have access to sth, have the opportunity/chance of doing sth


141.对·····全然不知be in the dark about, know nothing about


142.告诉某人某事tell sb sth, inform sb of sth, keep sb informed of sth


143.致力于absorb/employ/apply/bend/commit/devote oneself to, be bent/committed/devoted to


144.旨在做aim/be aimed at doing, be designed/intended to do, be meant to do sthfrom yykz


145.老年人old people, the old, senior citizens, the aged, the elderly


146.聪明的clever, bright, wise, smart


147.因某事感激某人thank sb for sth; be thankful to sb for sth; be grateful to sb for sth; express one’s gratitude to sb for sth;appreciate sth


148.参加(活动/比赛)engage in/join in; take part in/go in for; participate in; get involved in; compete in


149.吸引某人attract sb; draw sb appeal to sb; have a strong appeal to sb


150.喜欢,爱好like; love; enjoy; be interested in; be fond of; have a bent for; have an amazing appetite for; be keen on/about; be drunk with; be crazy about; be addicted to; be bent on


151.有利于,有助于be good for; do good to be beneficial to;contribute to


152.即将到来be coming soon be approaching; be around the comer


153.记住某事remember sth keep sth in mind;bear sth in mind


154.相信,认为be sure that....; think/believe that...; hold the firm belief that. . . ;be convinced that. . .;have the confidence that...


155.帮助某人help/aid/assist sb; give sb a hand; do sb a favor


156.考虑某事think about sth; consider sth; take sth into consideration/accountfrolai m y ykz


157.期望做某事have a strong desire to do sth./expect/want to do sth; look forward to doing sth; can’t wait to do sth; desire/long to do sth


158.全神贯注于focus on;put one’s heart into; concentrate on; be absorbed in; be devoted to,be lost in,be occupied with/in


159.影响affect;have an effect/influence/impact on


160.拒绝repulse/refuse; reject;turn down; decline;say no to


161.尊敬,尊重respect; show respect for; look up to; admire


162.使用,利用use; employ; make use of; take advantage of; make the best of


163.参观visit; pay a visit to; go to. . .for a visit


164.发生happen; occur; hit /strike sp. ;take place; come about


165.想到sb think of sth; sth occur to/strike sb; sb come up with sth


166.建议suggest that. . . ; advise that. . .; put forward the suggestion that. . . ; recommend that. . .


167.促成;导致cause; contribute to; lead to; result in; bring about


168.提高improve; raise; increase; promote; strengthen


169.把时间用于spend time (in) doing sth/on sth ; devote all one’s time to doing sth


170.向某人道歉apologize to sb; say sorry to sb; make an apology to sb


171.决心做某事decide to do sth; determine/be determined to do sth; make up one's mind to do sth


172.位于be in; lie in. . .; be located in; be situated in. . .


173.知道,意识到know; realize; be aware of/that; be conscious of; come to realize


174.同意某人的观点agree with sb; share the same idea with sb


175.重视,关注value; pay attention to; take sth seriously; attach great importance to;lay stress/emphasis on


176.试图做某事. 尽力做某事try to do sth; try one's best to do sth; attempt/seek to do sth; make an attempt to do sth; spare no efforts to do sth;make every effort to do sth


177.对······满意be pleased/satisfied with; express one’s satisfaction with


178.对某人生气be angry with sb;be annoyed with sb; be cross with sb


179.忙于···employ oneself in/be busy with;be occupied with; bury oneself in 来自 zshunj_cn


180.由···组成be made up of; consist of; be composed of


181.擅长做···,精通,熟悉be proficient in/excel in/ master/be well up in/be good at; be skilled at/in; be expert in; do well in; have a good command/knowledge of; be familiar/acquainted with


182.适当的,适合的be fit for; be suitable for; be appropriate for


183.一···就... on doing; immediately, directly, instantly; the moment, the minute, the second, the instant; as soon as,no sooner. . .than, hardly/scarcely. . .when


184.因···而著名be distinguished for,have a reputation for,be famous for; be well-known for; be noted for;be celebrated for


185.习惯于(做)某事be used to (doing) sth; be accustomed to (doing) sth


186.重要的important; essential; significant; vital; crucial; of importance/significance来自 zshunj_cn


187.富裕的rich; wealthy; well-off; well-to-do


188.许多的many; much; a lot of; lots of; plenty of; numerous; a large number of; a large quantity of; a large amount of


189.累的;精疲力竭的be tired; be worn out; be exhausted


190.有时sometimes;once in a while; occasionally; at times; now and then; from time to time


191.立即;马上immediately; without hesitation;without delay


192.事实上in fact; in reality; as a matter of fact;in practice;in effect


193.越来越多的more and more; an increasing/a growing number of


194.取得,赢得get; win; gain; obtain; attain; acquire; earn


195.实现(目标)realize; reach; accomplish; achieve; attain


196.赞成,同意agree with; approve of; be in favor of; stand by one's side


197.当前, 目前now; nowadays; at present;presently; at the present time


198.缺点,不利条件defect/shortcoming; weak point;weakness; disadvantage; drawback


199.成功,成就success; accomplishment; achievement


200.除···之外(,还)besides; apart from; in addition to; along with


201.优秀的good; excellent; outstanding; distinguished


202.需要need; call for; require; demand; be in need of


203.与···相联系 connect with,be related to; be relevant to; be linked to; be connected with


204.因为because of;on account of; due to; owing to; thanks to; for the reason that


205.表达express; convey,voice


206.养成;培养develop; train; foster; cultivate


207.指望depend on; rely on; count on


208.应该ought to,should; be supposed to


209.富于be rich in; be abundant in


210.厌倦 be tired of; be bored with; be fed up with,weary,sweatful


211.普通的ordinary; common; average来自 zshunj_cn


212.严重的serious; severe,fearful, grievous, rock-ribbed


213.各种 a great diversity of,all/different kinds/types of; a variety of; varieties of; a (wide) range of


214.最后last but not least, ultimately, finally; eventually


215.期间during; in the course of


216.评价assess,judge; evaluate;


217.说服persuade,convince,talk sb. into


218.理解understand; comprehend


219.足够的sufficient,plenty,enough; adequate; ample


220.忍受bear; stand; put up with;tolerate


221.弥补make up for; compensate for


222.挑选choose; select; pick out


223.总计add up to; amount to


224.照顾 look after ;take care of; tend; attend


225.面对;面临face; be faced/confronted with


226.走 (30英里路程)walk/travel (30 miles); cover (30 miles)


227.有益的advantageous,good; helpful;beneficial; rewarding


228.大多数most; the majority of


229.非常exceedingly, very; greatly; extremely;badly


230.突然suddenly; all of a sudden


231.聪明的clever; bright; intelligent; brilliant


232.显然clear,evident,obvious; apparent


233.捐赠give...away; donate; contribute


234.激增increase rapidly; multiply; rocket


235.一定做be sure/certain to do; be bound to do


236.漂亮的good looking, smart, beautiful; pretty; attractive;  appealing, charming


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