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初中英语30个重要句型(含词汇、短语和语法解释)

时间:2023年11月24日 阅读量 : 196

1. as…as 和……一样


中间必须用形容词或副词原级。例如:


This classroom is as big as that>这间教室和那间一样大。


He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。


否定结构:not as/so…as,“不如……”。上面的两个句子可分别改为:


This classroom is not as/so large as that>这间教室不如那间大。


He doesn’t run as/so fast as Tom.


他跑得不如汤姆快。



2. as soon as 一……就……


用来引导时间状语从句。若主句是一般将来时,从句要用一般现在时。例如:


I’ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him.


我一看到他就告诉他这个计划。


He’ll go home as soon as he finishes his work.


他一完成工作就回家。



3.be busy/enjoy/hate/go>


在enjoy, finish, hate, go>Lin Tao is busy making a model plane.


林涛正忙着做飞机模型。


My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper.


我妈妈喜欢晚饭后散步。


I hate watching Channel Five.


我讨厌看五频道。


When someone asked him to have a rest, he just went>当有人让他休息一会儿时,他仍继续工作。


I have finished writing the story.


我已经写完了故事。



4.fill…with 用……装满......;be filled with 充满了……;be full of 充满了......


①be filled with 说明由外界事物造成的此种状态,表示被动。例如:


The box is filled with food.


盒子里装满了食物。


②be full of说明主语处于的状态。此外,还可表示程度,意为“非常”。例如:


The patient’s room is full of flowers.


那个病人的房间摆满了花。


The young man is full of pride.


那个年轻人非常骄傲。


③这两种结构还可以相互改写。例如:


I fill the box with food. The box is full of food.



5.be good/bad for 有利于/有害于……


此句型是:be+adj.+for+n.结构。例如:


Doing morning exercises is good for your health.


做早操对你的健康有益。


Always playing computer games is bad for your study.


总玩电脑游戏对你的学习不利。



6. be used to(doing) sth. 习惯于……


后必须接名词或动名词,可用于现在、过去、将来的多种时态。be 可用get,become来代替。例如:


He is used to life in the country.(He is used to living in the country.)


他习惯于乡村生活。


He will get used to getting up early.


他将会习惯于早起。


注意:be used to do 的意思是“被用来做……”。例如:


Wood is used to make paper.


木材被用来造纸。



7. both…and…两者都……


用来连接两个并列成分;当连接两个并列主语时,其后谓语动词用复数。例如:


Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow.


不论老师还是学生明天都会去历史博物馆。



8. can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事


help在此的意思是“抑制,忍住”,其后接动词-ing形式。例如:


His joke is too funny. We can’t help laughing.


他的笑话太有趣了,我们禁不止笑了起来



9. sth. costs sb. some money 某物花费某人多少钱


此句型的主语是物。cost一词带的是双宾语,它的过去式、过去分词和原型一样。


This book cost me five yuan.


这本书花了我五元钱。



10. either…or… 不是……就是……,或者……或者……


用来连接两个并列成分,当连接并列主语时,谓语动词与邻近的主语保持一致。


You may either stay here or go home.


你可以呆在这儿,也可以回家。


Either she or I am right. = Either I or she is right.


不是她对就是我对。



11.enough (for sb.) to do sth. 足够……做……


在此结构中,for用来引出不定式的逻辑主语。例如:


The ice isn’t thick enough for you to walk>这冰还没有厚到你可以在上面走的程度。



12. feel like doing sth. 想要做……


此处like为介词,后面跟动词-ing形式。此句型与would like to do sth.同义。例如:


I feel like drinking a cup of milk.


我想喝一杯牛奶。



13. feel/find/think it adj./n. to do sth. 认为某事……


在此结构中it为形式宾语,不定式短语作真正的宾语。例如:


I find it very interesting to play football.


我发现踢足球很有趣。


She thinks it her duty to help us.


她认为帮助我们是她的职责。



14. get ready for sth./ to do sth.


get ready for sth.意为“为某事做准备”;get ready to do sth.意为“准备做某事”例如:


We are getting ready for the meeting.


我们正在为会议做准备。


They were getting ready to have a sports meet at that moment.


他们那时正准备开运动会。



15. get/receive/have a letter from 收到……的来信


相当于hear from  例如:


Did you receive a letter from John?


你收到约翰的来信了吗?


I got a letter from my brother yesterday.


我昨天收到了我弟弟的一封来信。



16. had better (not) do sth. 最好(别)做某事


had better为情态动词,其后需用动词原形。had better常用缩写,变成’d better,其否定形式是在其后直接加not。

例如:


We had better go now. = We’d better go now.


我们最好现在走吧。


You’d better not go out because it is windy.


今天刮风,你最好别出去了。



17. have sth. done 使(某事)完成 (动作由别人完成)


sth.为宾语,done为过去分词作补语。例如:


We had the machine repaired.


我们请人把机器修好了。


注意区分:We have repaired the machine. 我们(自己)已经修好了机器。



18.help sb. (to) do sth./with sth. 帮助某人(做)某事


其中的to可以省略。例如:


I often help my mother with housework.


我常常帮助妈妈做家务。


Would you please help me (to) look up these words?


请你帮助我查查这些词好吗?



19. How do you like……? 你认为……怎么样?


与what do you think of …?同义。例如:


How do you like the weather in Beijing?你


认为北京的天气怎么样? 你觉得这部新电影如何?



20. I don’t think/believe that… 我认我/相信……不……


其中的not是对宾语从句进行否定而不是对主句否定(否定前移)。that可省略。例如:


I don’t think it will rain.


我认为天不会下雨。


I don’t believe the girl will come.


我相信那女孩不会来了。



21. It happens that… 碰巧……


相当于happen to do。例如:


It happened that I heard their secret.


可改写为:I happened to hear their secret.


我碰巧听到了他们的秘密。



22. It’s/has been +一段时间+since从句 自从某时起做某件事情已经一段时间了


该句型中since引导的时间状语从句常用一般过去时。例如:


It’s twenty years since he came here.


他来这里已经20年了。


It has been six years since he married Mary.


他和玛丽结婚已经六年了。



23. It is +adj./n. + for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说……


It是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式to do sth。例如:


It’s not easy for us to study English well.


对我们来说学好英语并不容易。


It’s a good idea for us to travel to the south.


去南方旅行对我们来说是个好主意。



24. It’s + adj. + of sb. to do sth.


It是形式主语,to do sth.是真正的主语, 当表语(即形容词)能对逻辑主语描述时,常用介词of,而不用for。例如:


It’s very polite of you to give your seat to old people.


你给老人让座,非常有礼貌。



25. It seems/appears (to sb) that… (在某人看来)好像……


此句中的it是主语,that引导的是表语从句。例如:


It seems that he is lying. 看样子他好像是在撒谎。


It appears to me that he never smiles. 在我看来,他从来没有笑过。



26. It is +数词+metres/kilometers long/wide… ……是多少米(公里)长(宽)


用来表示物体的长(宽,高),如数词大于一,名词要用复数。例如:


It is 20 metres long from this end to that end. 从这端到那端有二十米长。



27. It’s time for sb. to do sth. 是某人干某事的时候了


it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. 例如:


It’s time for the child to go to bed.


孩子该睡觉了。


比较下面两种结构:


① It’s time for + n. 例如:


It’s time for school.


②It’s time to do sth. 例如:


It’s time to go to school.



28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人多少时间做某事


it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth。例如:


It takes her fifteen minutes to walk to the bus stop from here.


从这儿走着到公交车站将花费她15分钟。


It took the old man three days to finish the work.


那个老人花了三天时间完成这项工作。



29. keep (on) doing sth. 一直坚持做某事


keep doing sth.一般用于静态动词。keep>Don’t keep>不要再做这样的傻事了。


He kept sitting there all day.


他整天坐在那里。



30. keep…from doing sth. 阻止......做某事


相当于stop…from doing sth., prevent…from doing sth. 在主动句中,stop和prevent后面的from可以省略,但在被动结构中,from不可以省略。例如:


Please keep the children from swimming in the sea.


请别让孩子到海里游泳。


The big noise outside my room stopped me from doing my homework.


屋外巨大的噪音使我不能做作业。


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3.大学英语四级作文句型


【开头:2—4句】


开头套用万能句,但如果想让考官眼前一新,那我们准备的开头句就需要具备词汇、句式、写法方面的亮点,同时又可以将句型套用在尽可能多的主题写作中。以下是为大家准备的五个高分句型。


1. Nowadays, it is commonly believed that... 如今,人们普遍认为......


例句:Nowadays, it is commonly believed that living in the big city has more advantages than living in the countryside.


如今,人们普遍认为住在大城市比住在农村有更多的优势。


2. With the development of society, ... 随着社会的发展


例句:With the development of society, more and more people begin to realize the importance of education.


随着社会的发展,越来越多的人开始意识到教育的重要性。


3. In recent years, the phenomenon of ... has aroused widespread concern. 近年来,......现象引起了广泛关注。


例句:In recent years, the phenomenon of cyber violence has aroused widespread concern.


近年来,网络暴力现象引起了广泛关注。


4. Some people believe that..., while others argue that...


有人认为......,而另一些人则认为......


例句:Some people believe that the Internet has brought great convenience to our lives, while others argue that it has also brought some problems.


有人认为互联网给我们的生活带来了很大的便利,而另一些人则认为它也带来了一些问题。


5.Personally, I believe that... 个人认为......


例句:Personally, I believe that the most important thing in life is to follow your heart and pursue your dreams.


个人认为,生活中最重要的事情就是追随自己的内心,追求自己的梦想。



【主体:9—11句话】


1. First an foremost, it is acknowledged that+sb. 插入语(描述sb.),has done sth.,exerting great influence on wth.


首先,值得承认的是,某人已经做了某事,对某事产生了巨大的影响。


例句:First and foremost, it is acknowledged that Jack Ma, the founder of Alibaba, has revolutionized e-commerce in China, exerting great influence on the way people shop and do business.


翻译:首先,必须承认的是,阿里巴巴的创始人马云已经彻底改变了中国的电子商务,对人们的购物和商业方式产生了巨大的影响。


2. in the first place,it is noticeable/evident that…


首先,值得注意的是…


例句:In the first place, it is noticeable that education plays a vital role in personal growth and development.


翻译:首先,值得注意的是,教育在个人成长和发展中起着至关重要的作用。


3. On the hand,主句,resulting in+题目事件可能导致的结果 on the other hand ,provided that +假设得情况,the circumstance will be totally /sightly different.


一方面,…可能会导致…;另一方面…情况将变得截然不同


例句:On the one hand, the continuous increase in the number of vehicles has resulted in severe traffic congestion and air pollution in many cities. On the other hand, provided that the government takes effective measures to encourage the use of public transportation and develop new energy vehicles, the circumstance will be totally different and the problem of traffic congestion and air pollution can be effectively solved.


翻译:一方面,汽车数量的不断增加已经导致许多城市严重的交通拥堵和空气污染。另一方面,如果政府采取有效措施鼓励使用公共交通工具和发展新能源汽车,情况将完全不同,交通拥堵和空气污染问题可以得到有效解决。


4. Acording to the fact that…,it is now accepted by sb. that +正向观点


根据…的事实,现在许多人认为…(观点)


例句:According to the fact that global warming is a serious problem, it is now accepted by many people that we should take immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


翻译:根据全球变暖是一个严重问题这一事实,现在许多人认为我们应该立即采取行动减少温室气体排放。


5. To begin with,it is the social trend that+正向观点


首先,随着…的社会趋势,(观点)


例句:To begin with, it is the social trend that the aged population is increasing rapidly, which brings about many challenges and opportunities.


翻译:首先,老年人口迅速增长是社会趋势,这带来了许多挑战和机遇。


6.However,as opposed to what general public believe,反向观点


然而,和公众看法的普遍看法相反,(观点)


例句:However, as opposed to what general public believe, nuclear energy is not as dangerous as people think, provided that it is properly handled.


翻译:然而,与公众的普遍看法相反,只要得到妥善处理,核能并不像人们想象的那么危险。


7.On the contrary, some people take different views on…


相反,一些人持不同观点(事件)


例句:On the contrary, some people take different views on whether the government should invest more money in the development of public transportation.


翻译:相反,一些人对政府是否应该在公共交通的发展上投入更多资金持不同看法。


8.Sth.is an increasingly widespread problem that it imposes a dramatic influence on…


某事是一个日益普遍的问题,他对…产生了巨大的影响


例句:Air pollution is an increasingly widespread problem that it imposes a dramatic influence on people's health and the environment.


翻译:空气污染是一个日益普遍的问题,它对人们的健康和环境产生了巨大的影响。


9.Although there is no denying that…,who can not ignore the face that +反向观点


虽然不可否认(某一观点),但没人可以忽略(观点所带来的不好影响)


例句:Although there is no denying that the development of science and technology has brought great convenience to people's lives, who can not ignore the face that it also brings some negative impacts.


翻译:虽然不可否认的是科学技术的发展给人们的生活带来了极大的便利,但谁也不能忽视它也带来了一些负面影响。


10.Unfortunately,it is not always the case that…


不幸的是,并不能总保证(某观点)


例句:Unfortunately, it is not always the case that hard work guarantees success.


翻译:不幸的是,努力工作并不总能保证成功。


举例短语句型


1. For instance


2. Take sth. for example


3. A typical example of this is …Another example worth nothing is that…


4. Given the fact that +例子,we should develop an aswareness of…


5. A case in point is that…



【结尾句:2—3句】


1. I,as a colleag student ,deem that it is of great necessity to youngsters to+真善美、高大上观点.To sum up,复述题目观点+真善美、高大上观点


我作为一名大学生,我认为…是非常必要的。总之,(重复观点)


例句:I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity to youngsters to develop good habits. To sum up, I believe that developing good habits is crucial for youngsters to achieve success in life.


翻译:作为一名大学生,我认为培养良好的习惯对年轻人来说非常必要。总之,我认为培养良好的习惯对年轻人在生活中取得成功至关重要。


2.In brief /In conclusion /Last but not least ,we ought to take actions to do sth.(真善美)


总之,我们应该(作为)


例句:In brief/in conclusion/last but not least, we ought to take actions to protect the environment.


翻译:总之/总之/最后但不是最重要的,我们应该采取行动保护环境。


3.All in all ,i believe that as the new generation of our country , we should always do sth.(真善美)


总而言之,我认为作为我们国家的新一代,我们应该(做法)


例句:All in all, I believe that as the new generation of our country, we should always protect the environment.


翻译:总而言之,我认为作为我国的新一代,我们应该始终保护环境。


4.Therefore /In my opinion/In a nutshell ,only …sb. do sth….can sb.do sth.


因此/在我看来/简而言之,只有我们(做法),我们才能(结果)


例句:In my opinion, only when we pay attention to environmental protection can we create a better living environment.


翻译:在我看来,只有当我们关注环境保护时,我们才能创造一个更好的生活环境。


5.Simply but,based on all the analysis above ,it is no overstatement to say that …


简单来说,基于以上所有的分析,毫不夸张地说…


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