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中考英语55组音形易混单词

时间:2023年12月29日 阅读量 : 167

1. abroad 到国外


go abroad 出国


board 板


on board 在船[火车, 飞机, 汽车]上; 已装船



2. across介词,表面穿过


walk across the road


cross 动词,越过; 横过


cross the road


through 介词,空间穿过


go through the window


past 介词,经过


walk past the post office


pass 动词,通过; 走过


pass the test



3. alive活着的


I am still alive.


live 形容词或副词,现场直播


is covered live


live 动词,居住


live in the city


lively活泼的 


make his class lively and interesting


living 名词,生计


make a living 维持生活,谋生


a living room,起居室,客厅



4. lonely 形容词,孤独


feel lonely


lonely 形容词,孤零零


a lonely house


alone 形容词或副词,独自


live alone


along 介词,沿着


walk along the street



5. asleep睡着的


fall asleep


sleepy困倦的


feel sleepy



6. fall 落下,倒 


fall down


fell:fall的过去式 (fall—fell---fallen)


feel觉得 feel sleepy/tired---过去式felt



7. badly — worse


Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.


well—better


He plays football well and his father does better.



8. boring, interesting, exciting, tiring…修饰物


an interesting story


bored, interested, excited, tired…修饰人


feel bored



9. borrow借进(以句子主语为参照物)


May I borrow your pen?


lend借出(以句子主语为参照物)


Could you lend me some money?


keep 借一段时间


How long can I keep the magazine?



10. both两者都


Both of his parents are workers.


all三者以上都


All of my classmates are from China.


neither两者都不


Neither of my hands is clean.


none没有一个(三者及以上)


None of the four apples is/are red.


nothing 什么都没有


There’s nothing in the fridge.




11. care


take care of


careful 形,仔细的


be careful with fire


carefully 副,仔细地


listen carefully


careless 形,粗心的


a careless student


carelessly 副,粗心地


drive carelessly


carelessness 名,粗心


Your carelessness led to the mistake.



12. take带走(以说话者为中心)


remember to take a raincoat


bring带来(以说话者为中心)


bring your book here


carry拿,无方向


Could you help me carry the books?



13. close动词,关闭


close the door


close 形容词,亲密的 


my closest friend


closed形,关着的


keep the door closed



14. closely副,密切地


work closely with us



15. brave形,勇敢的


He is brave enough to save the old man.


courage 名,勇气


have the courage to tell him the bad news


bravely 副,勇敢地


face the difficulties bravely



16. dead形容词,死的


have been dead


die动,死亡 


die of hunger


death名,死亡


the death of his pet makes him so sad.



17. especially副,尤其


He is good at all subjects, especially maths.


specially副,专门


The pen is specially designed for the boy.


special形,特殊的


a special day



18. except除了


All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.


expect期待


You are expected to bring it back when you return.



19. excited形,激动的,修饰人


feel excited


exciting形,激动人心的,修饰物


an exciting film


excitedly 副词,修饰动画


shouted excitedly


excitement名词


shout with excitement



20. a little一些,修饰不可数名词


a little money


a few一些,修饰可数名词


a few trees


little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词


There’s little water in the glass, is it?


few几乎没有,修饰可数名词


so few students



21. form 形成


form a good reading habit


from 从……



22. France法国/ French 法语


German德国的/ Germany 德国



23. hard努力


work hard


hardly几乎不


The boy hardly does his homework.



24. healthy健康的


keep healthy


health健康


it’s good for your health


healthily健康地


eat healthily



25. if如果 主将从现


If he comes, I’ll call you.


是否


I don’t know if he will come here.


whether是否 (如与or连用,则用)


I wonder whether he’ll come or not.


weather 天气


What will the weather be like tomorrow?



26. include 动词,包括


The list includes the names of many famous writers.


including 介词,包括


They have many pets, including three cats.



27. invent动词 发明


Edison invented a lot of things.


invention名词 发明


The invention made much difference to humans.


inventor名词 发明者


Edison was a great inventor.



28. last 上一个的


last year;


最后的


make her last apperance


动词,持续


The meeting will last one and a half hours.


lasting 形,持久的


a lasting value



29. lie名词,谎言


tell a lie


动词,说谎


He is always lying to us.


动词,位于


Japan lies to the east of China.


动词,躺,平放


He likes lying on the grass.


躺,平放;位于:lie—lay---lain


说谎:lie-lied-lied



30. luck名,运气


good luck


lucky 形,幸运的


a lucky number


luckily 副,幸运的是


Luckily, we got better marks.


unlucky/unluckily



31. noise名,噪音


Don’t make any noise.


noisy 形,吵闹的


much too noisy


noisily 副,吵闹地


talk noisily



32. noise 名词,噪音


sound 名词,声音


We sat listening to the sound of the waves


sound 动词,听起来


The music sounds beautiful.


voice 名词,嗓音


The singer has a sweet voice.



33. provide提供


provide a chance for the boy


=provide the boy with a chance


offer 提供


offer a chance to the boy


=offer the boy a chance



34. other别的 ,加名词


other students


another另一个


I don’t like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?


the other 两个中的另一个,常用one…the other


Here is a shoe, where’s the other one?


others= other+名词



35. over/ under年龄的上下


above/ below温度,楼层的上下



36. peace名词,和平


love peace


peaceful形,宁静的


a peaceful village


peacefully 副,和平地


we hope to solve the problem peacefully.



37. pleasure名,乐意。


对方请求帮助 —With pleasure. 


帮助后对方感谢 —My pleasure./ It’s my pleasure.


pleasant 形, 修饰物


a pleasant trip


pleased形,修饰人


I am pleased with the robot.



38. pollute动,污染


The water will be polluted if you do that.


polluted形,被污染的


Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.


pollution 名,污染


noise pollution



39. quiet 形容词,安静的


keep quiet


quite 副词,相当


quite quiet



40. receive 收到


accept 接受


I received a valuable gift but I didn’t accept it because of its value.



41. realize实现,主语为人


I am sure you will realize your dream.


come true实现,主语为物


I hope your dream will come true.



42. raise升起,及物动词,后面必须跟宾语


raise your hand


raise the national flag


( raise—raised—raised)


rise不及物动词,后面不可以跟宾语


the sun rises


the price rises


the water level rises


( rise—rose---risen)



43. sad 形容词,悲伤的


too sad to say a word


sadness 名词 ,悲伤


share your joy and sadness


sadly 副词,遗憾的是


Sadly, few people were saved.



44. safe形容词,安全的


a safe place


safety 名词,安全


Safety comes first.


safely 副词,安全地


The plane landed safely.


save 动词,挽救


save money, save his life



45. satisfied形容词,满意的


I am not satisfied with the machine at all.


satisfy动词,满足


satisfy your need



46. search 搜索(范围)


search for (目标)


The police are searching the city for the murderer.



47. serve 动词,服务


serve the old couple politely


service 名词


I will never forget its good service./ be in service



48. smile名词,微笑


wear a big smile on her face


smile 动词,微笑


smile at me kindly


smiling形容词,微笑的


Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.



49. succeed 动,成功


At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.


success 名,成功


It turned out that her speech was a big success.


successful 形,成功的


I’m sure that you’ll be successful.


successfully 副,成功地


At last, he won the first prize successfully.



50. take花费(时间),主语是物


How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?


spend 花费时间或金钱,主语为人


He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.


cost 花费金钱,主语为物


The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.


pay 花费金钱,主语为人


They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.



51. though虽然


I take my medicine, though I do not like it.


thought 想的过去式


I've thought about it for some time.


thought 名词,想法


Her thought isn’t the same as mine.


through 介词,(从空间)通过


the light shines through the sharp teeth



52. wide 形容词,宽的 


The river is 300 metres wide.


wide 副词,张得(或开得)很大地;充分地(表示空间宽度 )


open his eyes wide


widely 副词,广泛地 


English is widely used all over the world.



53. hope希望,实现的可能性大;


hope to do;


不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 从句结构:


I hope to go to college.


My father hopes that I can go to college.


wish希望,可用wish sb. to do;实现的可能性不大,所以从句用虚拟语气


I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.



54. worry 名词, 担忧 


share your worries with me


worry 不及物动词,担忧;及物动词,使某人担忧


Don’t worry about your exams.


worried 形容词,担心的 


I am so worried about his health that I can’t sleep well.



55. have sb. do sth.让某人做某事


类似于make sb. do:


Will you like to have him call you back ?


have sth done 请人做


Her father had the book published.


have sth to do有……要做


I have too much homework to do today.


have done sth 做了某事


I have finished all my homework now.


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